Preparing the Assignment

Which of the culture and caring theories most resonates with you for your practice as an NP? How does the theory integrate the nursing paradigm?  What parts of the theory do you identify with? How does the theory help to meet CLAS standards to advance health equity?


Leininger’s Cultural Care Diversity Theory

The purpose of Leininger’s theory is to enhance knowledge related to the uniqueness of nursing care of each patient as well as to value the cultural heritage of human care. Major components of the model are culture, culture care, and culture-care similarities and differences pertaining to transcultural human care. Other major components are care and caring, emic view (language expressions), etic view (beliefs and practices), professional system of healthcare, and culturally congruent nursing care (McEwen & Wills, 2014). 

Leinenger’s theory includes elements of care as a major part of cultural competence. Health professionals are charged with the following actions to enhance culturally competent care:

  • Preservation and maintenance: helping patients and families to preserve values important to their health
  • Accommodations and negotiation: helping patients and families interact with other health professionals in order to preserve or improve health
  • Repatterning and restructuring: helping patients, families, and communities with lifestyle and behavioral changes to improve health outcomes

(Purnell, 2018)

Leinenger's Sunrise Model

  1. Integration of Evidence: The student post provides support from a minimum of one scholarly in-text citation with a matching reference AND assigned readings OR online lessons, per discussion topic per week.
    • What is a scholarly resource? A scholarly resource is one that comes from a professional, peer-reviewed publication (e.g., journals and government reports such as those from the FDA or CDC).
      • Contains references for sources cited
      • Written by a professional or scholar in the field and indicates credentials of the author(s)
      • Is no more than 5 years old for clinical or research articles
    • What is not considered a scholarly resource?
      • Newspaper articles and layperson literature (e.g., Readers Digest, Healthy Life Magazine, Food, and Fitness)
      • Information from Wikipedia or any wiki
      • Textbooks
      • Website homepages
      • The weekly lesson
      • Articles in healthcare and nursing-oriented trade magazines, such as Nursing Made Incredibly Easy and RNMagazine (Source: What is a scholarly article.docx; Created 06/09 CK/CL Revised: 02/17/11, 09/02/11 nlh/clm)
    • Can the lesson for the week be used as a scholarly source?
      • Information from the weekly lesson can be cited in a posting; however, it is not to be the sole source used in the post.
    • Are resources provided from CU acceptable sources (e.g., the readings for the week)?
      • Not as a sole source within the post. The textbook and/or assigned (required) articles for the week can be used, but another outside source must be cited for full credit. Textbooks are not considered scholarly sources for the purpose of discussions.
    • Are websites acceptable as scholarly resourcesfordiscussions?
      • Yes, if they are documents or data cited from credible websites. Credible websites usually end in .gov or .edu; however, some .org sites that belong to professional associations (e.g., American Heart Association, National League for Nursing, American Diabetes Association) are also considered credible websites. Websites ending with .com are not to be used asscholarly resources.

  2. Professionalism in Communication: The post presents information in logical, meaningful, and understandable sequence, and is clearly relevant to the discussion topic. Grammar, spelling, and/or punctuation are accurate.