Pressure Sores’ Causes and Stages
Pressure sores are injuries to the skin or tissue that occur due to decreased blood circulation caused by pressure in a specific area. If bedsores develop, the reason generally relates to impaired blood circulation and the absence of oxygen access to each skin surface (Liao et al., 2019). Decubitus patients are in the same position for long periods; that is why the bones press on the soft tissues in some places, which results in a disturbance of blood flow. The roots of pressure sores also include the fact that the sick person is depleted in the fat layer (Liao et al., 2019). Other factors are poor hygiene and co-morbidities such as diabetes or involuntary muscle spasms.
It is confirmed that the symptoms of pressure sores depend directly on the degree of neglect of the pathological process. There are four main stages of the disease; the skin at the pressure points becomes red at the initial phase (Liao et al., 2019). The second phase gradually develops if the pressure sores are not treated immediately. At the place of redness, the epidermis began to exfoliate sometimes; there were blisters with fluid and peeling. In the third stage, wounds grow deeper; the infection is often accompanied by pus, and the necrosis site smells unpleasant because the tissues are dead (Liao et al., 2019). In the last phase, the injury becomes deep, and bone or tendons can be observed at the bottom of the hole.
I am concerned about a concise and effective algorithm for preventing bedsores. Basically, I know that a complex of treatment procedures is developed depending on the stage of decubitus progression, and it can be divided into three blocks. That is, it includes prevention of pressure sores, treatment, and care (Chiang et al., 2018). Naturally, it is simpler to do preventive procedures in order not to lead to aggravations. Although, there are gaps in my knowledge regarding the specific steps in each phase of treatment. Furthermore, there is currently no method of therapy in medicine that provides a guarantee of a patient’s recovery.
Chiang, I. H., Wang, C. H., & Tzeng, Y. S. (2018). Surgical treatment and strategy in patients with multiple pressure sores. International Wound Journal, 15(6), 900-908.
Liao, X., Ju, Y., Liu, G., Zhao, X., Wang, Y., & Wang, Y. (2019). Risk factors for pressure sores in hospitalized acute ischemic stroke patients. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 28(7), 2026-2030.